Standards are crucial to the adoption of technologies, as they provide the ability for multiple sourcing and a healthy competitive environment. They ensure that even years after the rollout of a smart card scheme, cards and terminals can still be purchased and will operate smoothly with the original installation.
The International Standards Organization (ISO) has standardized the technologies used in contactless smart cards. The relevant standards are ISO/IEC 14443 (proximity cards) and ISO/IEC 15693 (vicinity cards).
MIFARE complies with the international standard ISO/IEC 14443 Type A, which is used in more than 80% of all contactless smart cards today. Together, all other contactless proximity smart card technologies have less than 20% market share.
ISO/IEC 14443 is divided in 4 parts defining different aspects of the interface:
- ISO/IEC 14443-1:2000 Part 1: Physical characteristics
- ISO/IEC 14443-2:2001 Part 2: Radio frequency power and signal interface
- ISO/IEC 14443-3:2001 Part 3: Initialization and anticollision
- ISO/IEC 14443-4:2001 Part 4: Transmission protocol
MIFARE is a technology that has been chosen by the vast majority of public transport operators for their ticketing system.
Click here to learn more about the ISO/IEC 14443 standard: ISO/IEC 14443